SAP ERP was developed in Germany in 1972.
SAP Japan was established in 1992.

Difference from domestic Package

Peculiarity of system design

1)Concept of computer system design

It became a pioneer to shift client server which is used mainly today.
The idea is that users can check information when they want.

2)Integrated database

SAP ERP is made from various module such as SD for sales, MM for Distribution, Purchasing and Inventory, FI for Accounting, and PP for Production Planning. We have continued to draw together from the database of these modules.

3)Integration of data section

As a necessary and sufficient condition for the integration database, we need to unify and normalize these sections. For example, the item which is made in a factory is stands for delivery for the factory, however, it stands for stock for warehouse. And the expense of factory might be cost. As mentioned, the words used in many sections in companies should be unified in a whole company.


The application has developed based on the constraint of 2) and 3) above.

5)Coaxial of time axis

As a result, all data have the same time axis.
This idea leads to the expression of real-time.

These characteristics leads to the idea that SAP ERP is the most completed database.
Originally, the aim of domestic package is not integration of database.

Customizing of SAP ERP

Because SAP ERP is reflected not only by the experience and skills of a partner, but by the idea a partner has, the users’ quality will depend on partners’ quality.

SAP ERP provides the environment of total customizing as integrated database, data section, and various applications.
It is required to have complicated customizes to meet plural business flows and the needs of accounting control in the field of logistic module.
It is required to take IFRS and local standard in each country for global expansion in FI module.
To understand customer’ histories and efforts, a partner needs high skills and experiences.
Consultants need to understand each element of SAP ERP, business flow, accounting, and system SE.

User’ merit

1)The tasks of sales and distribution, Distribution, Purchasing and Inventory, Product Planning, FI, and CO will be cooperated.

When each database is independent, each requirement should be connected by program for operational coordination. On the other hand, the coordination has already been guaranteed in integrated database.
That means sharing operational coordination, and those will be necessary for standardizing operations and operational reforms. On the other hand, it takes big budgets and periods to make and change programs for cooperation with he environment of a company which has changed every day, at the database which is not integrated.

2)About visualization

y normalization and coordination of data section, there will be no plexus of data at the database, and it will be guaranteed to check that data you need.

  1. For that, independent will be required to translate each database language.
  2. And, because this is not normalized and the timing to change data is different, time axis will not match.

For the reasons above, “Visualization” is the biggest merit for integrated database, data section and normalization. That is the reason that the extensibility and flexibility is original for SAP ERP.

3)Coincide of time axis

Among lots of merits mentioned, the biggest merit is to manage task progress.

  1. Because you can check the data across other sections, you can check real-time data such as orders, delivery and stocks, products, invoice, and payment.
  2. ② As a result, applications such as credit management and MRP are guaranteed.
  3. lity gives high quality to accounting control as well.

4)Control Accounting

Totally as a result, from the characteristics of SAP ERP mentioned above, control accounting has some characteristics below.

  1. You can treat control accounting among the modules of SD, MM, PP, and FI.
  2. You can make control accounting across more than two modules easily.
    For example, you can make a new analyzing sheet which has sales, profit, and cost of manufacture, stocks, and materials.
  3. At the integrated data, time axis is integrated as well.
    Real time is guaranteed because time axis at all sections such as credit management, stocks, sales information, delivery and orders, and payments.
  4. Standard cost accounting
    Estimated standard cost accounting is able when SOP (Sales and Operations Planning) of each section such as direct and indirect cost, and direct expense at the progress of each factory can be planned. This is one of the examples that shows Product Planning, Material Management, and Sales Distribution are integrated.

This is just one example; so, please ask usfor the details.

Necessity of training

SAP ERP is organized with integrated database and normalized data section, so, you need to understand the followings below very well.

1)There is a possibility that add on destroys structures of database and sections, and normalization.
It requires well-skilled consulting and programming skill.
2)Because of the integrated database, you need to get used to the words.
For the area of Logistics and Product Planning modules, there are the original words and expressions of SAP ERP, but the words are based on the accounting standard in the area of accounting.
3)Goods and Money shifts at the same time
That something shifts means that money shifts generally.
The relationship between goods movements and classification does not exist at the independent database.
4)All input data will saved and will not be deleted
It is not related to integrated database directly, but at the integrated database, all data is managed related. Deleting or changing data means inputting opposite data to the data input before. As a result, all data will be saved.

Those above are the difference from other package software which has conventional computer system or independent database.

About SAP Company

The explanation of SAP Group and SAP Japan.

SAP Group (Headquarters: Germany)
  • Sales: 12.5 billion Euro (1550 billion yen)
  • Employees: 65,000
  • Customers: 195,000 (Global)
  • Global expansion: 120 countries, Development base: 9countries
    (They invest 15% odd sales for research and development of new solutions.)
  • Since the establishment in 1972, SAP has been No.1 enterprise system for 40 years.
    ※The span of 40 years is very old standing. (37 years for Microsoft, 35 years for Oracle)
SAP Japan
  • 2,500 experiences of introduction, No.1 share for business application in Japanese market.
  • Employee: 1,300
  • 250 business partners
  • 4 business bases: Tokyo (Headquarters, support center, development center), Osaka, Nagoya, Kyusyu.
    They have given constant support of enterprise system construction to Japanese customers since the establishment in 1992.
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